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Original Issue

The East

Things have changed in the once underprivileged East, where muscles have grown bigger and the TV cameras are focused on the running quarterback

There was a time not too long ago when eastern football was so faintly regarded that the rest of the nation politely guffawed the moment the subject was raised.

De-emphasis in the Ivy League, stricter recruiting regulations everywhere in the East, and heavier recruiting among eastern high school stars by football powers from outside the region helped to create the situation. The Ivies were content to engage in their own battles and the big independents—Syracuse, Penn State, Pittsburgh, Army and Navy—were losing out in the fight to keep the homebreds home.

But suddenly Syracuse is up and proclaiming an eminence that once was almost exclusively reserved for Oklahoma, Notre Dame, Ohio State and Minnesota. First in the nation in 1959, the Orangemen are likely to stay at the top just as long as bigger and better tackles, more talented quarterbacks and quick halfbacks continue to be attracted to Piety Hill by Coach Ben Schwartzwalder. And right behind them are Penn State and Pittsburgh, which achieved notable success in intersectional games last year.

There are several reasons for the improvement in quality. The most obvious, of course, is more effective recruiting. But as important, perhaps, is the fact that eastern coaches no longer ignore the rest of the nation and nowadays resolutely adjust their style of play to the national trend. The imaginative wing T has attracted the most followers. Others have polished and refurbished the conservative split-T. And still others have turned to double wings and slots to make their T more palatable.


Some oldtimers insist that none of these ideas are new. Boston College's new coach, Ernie Hefferle, who spent a season with the Washington Redskins, takes exception. He claims that college football is changing so rapidly that "I would have lost complete touch with the game if I had stayed with the pros any longer." The greatest changes: the increased offensive role of the quarterback, the plenitude of big tackles, and oddly, the absence of good centers and punters.

Hefferle, who will use the wing T at BC, points out, "Increased use of. the belly series and the option makes it imperative to have a quarterback who can run with the ball as well as pass it." He has just such a player in John Amabile. And there are some others in the East. Syracuse's Dave Sarette, Yale's Tom Singleton, Harvard's Charlie Ravenel and Bucknell's Paul Terhes are among the best.

"Centers are probably the hardest to find," says Hefferle. "Most of today's centers are converted guards and fullbacks. There is very little glamour to the position, except for the linebacking. Kids just don't think about playing center. Give a youngster a football, and the last thing he will want to do is to hand it back between his legs to somebody else.

"Why are good punters scarce? Maybe because of the times. In the Depression days, when I was a kid, we had no money to go any place. Anybody who was lucky enough to have a football first learned how to throw it, then to kick it. Why, I can kick better left-footed today than most of the kids on my squad!"

Pitt's John Michelosen, who plays what appears to be the most difficult schedule in the country this year, is another who believes the game scene has changed. "The quarterback is going to do a lot more on offense this year than just be a hand-off man and thrower," he says. "He will run and block more. Also, the trend to change the defense is giving tackles a wider area to roam. They can shoot the gap, take quicker pursuit and enter into more spectacular play."

Penn State's affable Rip Engle, who had the ideal "new look" quarterback in versatile Richie Lucas last season, also agrees. "A mobile quarterback is a necessity today," he says, "especially at Penn State where our entire offense depends upon his ability to pass and run. There will be more and more pressure on the flanks by the use of rollouts and options. We may throw only 15 or 16 passes a game, but our quarterback will call many more pass plays which will develop into runs when he exercises his option."

One of the few men in the East who defies change is Syracuse's Schwartzwalder, the area's most successful coach, who is both a practical realist and a nonconformist.

"The trend is one of deployment and multi-formations on offense," Schwartzwalder admits. "But, on defense, it is almost the reverse. There is a growing national swing toward fewer formations and away from the box and massed nine-man fronts.

"However, we at Syracuse are against the grain and we like to be that way. We use a limited number of offensive formations, do not deploy or resort to multiple defenses. We use a mass offense and try to move the defense with our power.

"We are basically an off-tackle team, so we must move the defensive tackle. We know it is a lot easier to move him with two men. So, we keep our ends in tight and double team to get him out of the way.

"Another thing—these deployment teams have to change their offense somewhat when they get inside the other fellow's 10-yard line. We don't have to change a bit. We are geared to move the ball by mass anywhere on the field.

"When everybody was using the tight T," recalls Schwartzwalder, "we had our own version of the wing T. Now that others are using the wing T, we have gone mostly straight T with an unbalanced line. We want to present something different—something that will force the opposition to make special preparations for us.

"On offense we feel our boys can learn one thing better than they can learn 15. So we have comparatively few formations. On defense, we reverse our thinking. We're just the opposite. We are a multiple-defense team—we don't want the opposition to get a pattern on us."

Schwartzwalder has the players, so whatever he says is likely to go. But Penn State and Pittsburgh are strong, too. The East has come back.

1959 RECORD: WON 4, LOST 3, TIED 1

The Lord Jeffs finally achieved a goal last year. They took the Little Three title away from Williams, and now the trick will be to hang on to it. With no spring practice, Coach Jim Ostendarp provided summer reading for his squad—a 150-page book on wing-T plays. If they have learned their lessons well, last year's reserves and the incoming sophomores should be able to plug the gaps left by 14 graduated lettermen. The first line is adequate from tackle to tackle, where hefty Paul Abodeely and aggressive Ron Hatch, shifted from guard, hold forth. They should give swift Halfback Al Deaett, a deceptive breakaway runner, and 190-pound Fullback Steve van Nort sufficient running room. Quarterback Dave Lawrence, who throws for distance, is being hailed as Amherst's best passer ever. However, he will have to prove himself as a play caller, or promising Sophomore Mark Hallam will take over. The ends, Co-Captain John Cheska and Jim Fletcher, can catch passes, but they give away a little on defense.

1959 RECORD: WON 4, LOST 4, TIED 1

Coach Dale Hall started last season in the overbearing shadow of Earl Blaik, who departed assuring the public he had left behind an outstanding team. So he had. But injuries cut down key stars, and there were few reserves. The Cadets could do no better than break even. The stars are gone, but Hall has added an option series to make the offense more fluid, and Army's long gray line will be harder to dent. Crashing Linebacker Al Vanderbush is back, the Cadets are two deep in good tackles, and Ends Bob Fuellhart (the new lonely one) and Frank Gibson won't be turned too often. Halfbacks George Kirschenbauer and Roger Zailskas should lend outside zip to the running attack, with balancing inside bursts by Fullbacks Al Rushatz or Bob Eielson. However, the big riddle is at quarterback, where Tom Blanda, only a fair passer, will try to replace whip-armed Joe Caldwell. Converted Halfback Glen Adams, a good runner, and cocky yearling Dick Eckert will be hot after Blanda's job.

1959 RECORD: WON 5, LOST 4

Disenchanted with big Mike Holovak, BC alumni forced his discharge after last year's disappointing 5-4 season. They hope to do better with Ernie Hefferle, who served his apprenticeship as an assistant at Pitt and with the Washington Redskins. The new Eagle master spent a busy spring with an outstanding crop of sophomores, installing the wing T with some new pro-type pass patterns for Quarterback John Amabile, an accomplished pitcher who passed for eight touchdowns and ranked 15th in the nation in 1959. Amabile will get ground support from Senior Halfback Bob Perreault, out with injuries most of last season, Fullback Frank Robotti and John Janas, a speedy sophomore halfback who figures to make the starting lineup. The first line looks solid enough. Guard Bill Byrne, a bulky 205-pounder, and Center Terry Glynn are able defenders. Ends Lou Kirouac and Joe Sikorski are good, tough pass snatchers. Tackle Larry Eisenhauer, shifted from end, is the team's best.

1959 RECORD: WON 4, LOST 5

The Terriers won't do much nipping this year. Graduation took six starting linemen and three-quarters of the backfield, and Coach Steve Sinko will have to find his replacements from last year's sophomores and freshmen. BU also faces the uneasy prospect of opening with Penn State, followed by Syracuse. Senior Tackle Bob Minihane, quick and mobile despite his 230 pounds, is the strong man on the line, and he may get some help from Kayo Kehoe, an agile 300-pound center who was benched by the books in 1959 and is reported to be the squad's fastest interior lineman for a short distance. Offensively, the Terriers are still looking for a quarterback to handle the wing T. It could be Jackie Farland, who threw four touchdown passes in 1959, or Paul Squarcia. Fullback Jim Luker is back for another whirl, but Sinko may turn to four sophs—Tom Daubney, who throws well, at quarter, Halfbacks Hugh O'Flynn and Albie Stonkus and Fullback Charley Meadows—for his starting backfield.

1959 RECORD: WON 2, LOST 6, TIED 1

Coach John McLaughry introduced his sidesaddle wing T to the Bruins a year ago, and it was hardly a rousing success—Brown beat only Rhode Island and Harvard and finished seventh in the Ivy League. This year McLaughry has added an unbalanced line, with split ends and a slotback, to open up whatever attack his undermanned Bruins can muster, now that All-Ivy Fullback Paul Choquette, most of the offense in 1959, has departed. Jack Rohrback, a good passer and ball handler, is firmly planted in the quarterback saddle, but little Bob Myles, a skimpy 150-pounder, will have to fight off Sophomores Dennis Redding and Parker Crowell, both bigger and faster, for tailback. Ray Barry, a junior who won his letter at halfback in 1958, is back in school and will get a shot at Choquette's job. The line problems are equally depressing. The only bright spots are Captain Billy Packer, an aggressive 190-pound center, Guard Bob Auchy, and Jon Arata, a 6-foot 5-inch, 230-pound sophomore tackle.

1959 RECORD: WON 4, LOST 5

These Bisons won't be a thundering herd, but they will have one of the nation's best small-college passers this fall in Quarterback Paul Terhes, who has led the Middle Atlantic Conference in passing and total offense for the past two years. One of the few authentic triple-threaters around, Terhes completed 56% of his passes in 1959 (97 of 173 for 831 yards) and picked up 197 yards rushing. He is the key man in Coach Bob Odell's multiple T. However, Turk, as Terhes is called, will have to go it with young, inexperienced teammates—especially at the ends. But he can still pitch to hard-running, nimble-fingered Halfbacks Ash Ditka and Mickey Melberger. In an effort to bolster a sagging line, Odell spent a busy spring converting ex-Halfback Pat Malone to end, ex-Center Tom Alexander to guard and Former Tackle Kirk Foulke to center. Tackle Dick Bourdeau suddenly has become ineligible, but the Bisons will get some help from Guard Don Chaump, a hustling, slambang 200-pounder who excels on defense.

1959 RECORD: WON 8, LOST 1

Ambitious Buffalo has become one of the East's small-college powers in recent years. Only five points kept the offense-minded Bulls from an unbeaten season (Bucknell beat them 26-21) in 1959, and they scored 279. However, graduation cost Coach Dick Offenhamer his first four tackles. In consequence the defense may be a little leaky, and moving the ball could be a problem. Center Charlie Scott and Guards Jack Hartman and Joe Shiffert form a strong middle, while Ends Carley Keats and Bill Salent will cover the flanks adequately. But Bob Miller (a 222-pounder) and Bob Yanchuk (208 pounds), the ranking tackles, will have to mature fast against Army and VMI, the first two foes on a good schedule. Lanky Quarterback Gordon Bukaty, an adept passer who manipulates the split-T with all the finesse and cunning of a croupier, heads up a three-quarters senior backfield and will get running help from Halfbacks Ron Clayback and George Mane and hard-hitting Fullback Tom MacDougall.

1959 RECORD: WON 2, LOST 7

Grateful for all small favors, Coach Alva Kelley is particularly pleased this year that he won't have to play Penn State or Holy Cross. But Syracuse remains on the schedule, and the Red Raiders won't soon forget last year's 71-0 drubbing—or the 268 points scored by merciless opponents. Kelley has present as well as past worries. He lost his starting line from tackle to tackle, including Fran Monelli, a mobile 229-pounder; and the most promising of a bumper sophomore crop—End Duane Parcells, Tackle Tom McManamy, Halfback Dick Jackson, Fullback Art Irwin—may still be a year away. Rugged but slow Tackle Jim Hancock and Junior Guard Stu Benedict are adequate, but the Raiders will be hurting for centers and linebackers. Offensively, they will be limited to ground warfare. Wing-T Quarterback Bob Paske isn't much of a passer, so it will be up to the backs, Captain John Maloney, 6-foot 4-inch, 210-pound Jacque MacKinnon and stumpy Fullback Herm Brauch, a powerful but brittle 211-pounder.

1959 RECORD: WON 2, LOST 7

This could be the year Columbia has been waiting for since 1951—its last winning season. With 20 returning lettermen providing seasoned campaigners for every position, even Coach Buff Donelli is cautiously optimistic and mildly hopeful of getting even with Ivy League rivals who have whomped him 18 times in the last three seasons. However, all depends upon Quarterback Tom Vasell, who showed considerable potential but often jittered as a sophomore passer in Donelli's intricate wing T. If Vasell runs the team and passes as well as his coaches think he can, the Lions may roar loud enough to hold off many in the Ivy pack. The line appears solid enough to cement last year's defensive holes. The strong men up front are Junior Tackle Bob Asack, strong, quick and a maneuverable 6 feet 3, 215 pounds (his "baby" brother Lou is a 6-foot, 5½-inch, 230-pound sophomore tackle), three-year Guard Tony Radano, and End Bob Federspiel, who holds the Ivy record for pass receiving.

1959 RECORD: WON 6, LOST 3

The Huskies, still striving for national recognition, are headed for their fifth Yankee Conference title in a row. Despite the toughest schedule ever (Holy Cross and Buffalo have been added), they may do as well outside the conference as in if Coach Bob In-galls' springtime gamble pays off. He has switched an adaptable junior, Dave Bishop, an all-conference center last year, to quarterback in the unbalanced wing T. Bishop's talents as a passer are questionable, but he is a real competitor who will keep enemy defenses guessing while handing off to Halfbacks Bill Minnerly, a swivelly runner, and Tom Kopp, a swift seatback type, and bulldozing Fullback Jim Browning. This trio averaged 4.7 yards per carry last year. Senior End Tom Conroy anchors a hard line, and the only question mark is at center, where Don Mendence, a 195-pound junior, must fill Bishop's shoes. Although the Huskies are thin in returning lettermen (14), last year's unbeaten freshmen will bolster the bench.

1959 RECORD: WON 5, LOST 4

Coach Lefty James, the dean of Ivy League coaches, begins his 14th year with 18 lettermen, a group of big, competent sophomores and a real chance for the title. Hoping to make his slot T more productive, Lefty will employ the slotback, formerly a blocker, as a runner and pass receiver. To take better advantage of the beefed-up offense. Quarterback Marcy Tino, a darting open-field runner, has been moved to fullback, and Junior Tony Pascal, a superior runner, takes over for John Beggs (switched to end) in the slot. Southpaw Passer Dave McKelvey will be the quarterback, and George Talesch, a quick junior, the left half. Interior line strength is good, with Bernie Iliff and John Hanley at tackle, Captain Warren Sundstrom and Dave Thomas at guard and Dick Lipinski at center. And behind them are some of the best-looking sophs the Big Red has had in years. Most promising and of greatest immediate assistance: Tackle Jim Fusco (210), Guard Ed Slisky (210), Center Jerry Stremick (215).

1959 RECORD: WON 5, LOST 3, TIED 1

After four years of prosperity the Indians have fallen on lean times. Halfback Jake Crouthamel, Quarterback Bill Gundy, Tackle Sam Bowlby and six other starters have departed, and the only familiar names remaining are Center Ken De Haven; a fierce linebacker, and Halfback Al Rozycki, who led the Ivy League in pass catching last year. The returning reserves and incoming sophomores are not likely to make the Big Green an Ivy contender. Coach Bob Blackman, one of football's most astute strategists, will have to resort to unusual trickery (such as split lines and spreads) in order to move the ball out of his tight V formation, and he will have his green defenders jitterbugging out of a five-man line in an effort to hold the foe. DeHaven, Rozycki and Linebacker Henry Gerfen, a rough, tough 190-pounder, brighten the picture somewhat, but Jack Kinderdine, who did most of the punting in '59, and little else, is no Gundy at quarterback, and Bob Johnson, starter at left halfback, is no Crouthamel.

1959 RECORD: WON 8, LOST 1

The Blue Hens have lost a lot—nine starters—but they still have plenty to cackle about. Specifically, a pro-size line which will average 220 pounds, and some fast, pony-sized backs. However, Delaware may find its bid to repeat as champion of the Middle Atlantic Conference's university division blocked by tough Lehigh, its first opponent. Coach Dave Nelson, developer of the wing T, specializes in ball control and stubborn defense, and this squad, even with a new backfield, will be patterned after the old ones. Gary Hebert, a smart little junior who runs well on options, moves up to quarterback and will do his handing off to Halfbacks Dave Beinner and Ken Schroeck and Fullback Travis Cosaboom, at 182 pounds the team's heaviest back. Ahead of them Tackles Mike Boyd and Joe Jerkovich both top 240 pounds, while the ends, Captain Mickey Heinecken and Dick Broadbent, and the guards, Earl Ritchie and Dick Peloquin, all weigh in at 210. Center Dick Hammer is the little man at 205.

1959 RECORD: WON 5. LOST 4

Even with 15 lettermen back, the Bullets will have to do some fancy shooting to repeat last year's second-place finish in a hardened Middle Atlantic Conference. Gettysburg has one advantage—it won't have to play champion Delaware; but Lehigh and Bucknell, the ranking challengers, are trouble enough. Most of the Bullets' firepower will generate from Quarterback Earl Little, a fair passer (37 for 90 passes last season) and canny play caller, and Senior Halfbacks Horace Goodman and Eddie Lucas. Both are runners with good breakaway speed. A paucity of seasoned reserves will put the line on double duty, but there is still hope, especially at end, where slim Junior Harry Richter and Lance Butler are outstanding receivers and able defenders. At guard, small but strong Frank Temme and Wayne Yohe excel. The big weakness is at the tackles, and Coach Gene Haas will have to find some good sophomore strength to backstop Starters John Rose and Bill Sarvis.

1959 RECORD: WON 6, LOST 3

Quarterback Charlie Ravenel can't pass (he completed only 34 of 87 last season), he isn't fast and he is small. But something remarkable always seems to happen when this transplanted South Carolinian gets his hands on the ball—and Harvard is hoping he will get it often this year. Justly admired as a gambler, Ravenel probably will have to take more chances in the forthcoming season. Halfbacks Chet Boulris and Albie Cullen and Fullback Sam Halaby are gone, and their successors, Bruce MacIntyre, Larry Repsher and Glenn Haughie, could hardly be called devastating. But Ravenel will have an experienced two-deep interior line ahead of him as he displays his favorite rollouts from the flanker T. The best of the linemen are 210-pound Tackles Eric Nelson and Bob Pillsbury and Guards Terry Lenzer and Bill Swinford. And if these aren't enough there is Sophomore Halfback Hobie Armstrong, a swift, deceptive 195-pounder, who could take some of the creases out of Coach John Yovicsin's brow.

1959 RECORD: WON 6, LOST 4

Trouble has been piling up for Coach Eddie Anderson, who starts his 35th season as a major college coach. First, graduation took Guard Vin Promuto and End Charlie Pacunas; then, Jack Moynihan, slated for quarterback, but on scholastic probation last year, left school. To complicate matters further, the Crusader captain, Center Ken Desmarais, a fierce linebacker, was suspended for disciplinary reasons, and Fullback Lou Panella flunked out. The wounds are deep in Worcester, and Anderson ruefully predicts "a building year." He will try to do it with Halfbacks Kevin Malone and Dick Skinner, who ran for 528 yards last year, Junior Tackle Jack Whalen, a 220-pounder who hits hard and moves well, Junior End Jack Fellin, and a pair of sophomores—Quarterback Pat McCarthy and End Bob Hargraves. The best of the lot may be McCarthy, a precocious youngster who runs as well as he passes, but he will have to arrive in a hurry to help the sagging Crusaders.

1959 RECORD: WON 5, LOST 4

Graduation chewed up the Leopard line badly, but Coach Jim McConlogue was left with enough good, rapid-moving backs to make him hopeful of at least equaling last year's 5-4 record. Although All-Middle-Atlantic Fullback Don Nikles has departed, Lafayette can muster an efficient straight-T attack around Halfback Charlie Bartos, a 6-foot, 185-pound senior who runs hard, passes well on options and is an agile receiver and first-rate defender. He will get help from Halfback Walt Doleschal (who also does the punting) and hard-hitting Fullback John Franco, who will give way to Linebacker Rudy Guenthner on defense. Quarterback is still open with Sophomore Ray Moyer, an excellent runner and good passer, vying with Junior Mike Dill, whose greatest asset is his willingness to work. The real problems are up front, where Center Bob Howard, a fine linebacker, agile two-way Tackle Dave Bloys and Guard Pete Lehr are the only holdovers in a light but fast first line.

1959 RECORD: WON 4, LOST 5

The Engineers are plotting a path to the Middle Atlantic Conference championship, and they may make it. Little All-America Tackle Walt Meincke is the only starter lost, and 19 lettermen are back. A big, tough, seasoned line will give Lehigh all the defense it needs. Mike Semcheski, shifted from guard, and Reed Bohovich, a sturdy 245-pounder, are being hailed as the best pair of tackles in the conference, and there is plenty of depth for all forward positions. Coach Bill Leckonby's only real problem will be his slow-moving halfbacks, Charlie Lull and Al Richmond, who find it difficult going to the outside. He hopes to help them by adding tight flankers and a man-in-motion to his ball-control, grind-it-out split-T. Fullback Boyd Taylor, a workhorse plunger, who averaged 3.2 yards a crack last year, will provide the power up the middle, and if Sophomore Quarterback Walt King, small but a good running passer, is as good as he seems to be, Lehigh will be ready to challenge Delaware for the title.

1959 RECORD: WON 3, LOST 3, TIED 2

For most college teams, worrying about where they will finish in one conference is enough, but the Black Bears from Orono compete in two—Yankee and Maine Intercollegiate. Seventeen returning lettermen, including two outstanding runners, All-Yankee Halfback Wayne Champion and Dave Cloutier, will make Maine a contender in both leagues. Coach Harold Westerman's wing T gets most of its impetus from the outside slants of Champion and Cloutier and the inside smashes of Fullback Dale Curry. However, the reserves are untested, and Quarterback Manch Wheeler may be allowed to pass more often than he did a year ago. Defensively, the Bears will be as rough as ever with holdovers at every starting position and good bench strength. The first line will have Don Desroches and Don Streeter, backed by Sophomore Pudd Robertson, an adept pass catcher, at end, Dick Leadbetter and Ed Reidman at tackle, Ewen MacKinnon and Bob Spence at guard, and Tom Vassar at center.

1959 RECORD: WON 3, LOST 5, TIED 1

The Redmen are ready to go on the warpath. With a new coach, Chuck Studley, former Illinois assistant, 19 lettermen and an assortment of talented sophomores, the Berkshire reservation is awash with heady optimism despite the unexpected and painful loss of All-Yankee-Conference Halfback Tom Delnickas, who suffered a shoulder separation while playing softball. Junior John McCormick, a sturdy 215-pounder who began last season by chucking five touchdown passes in the first two games and then retreated into sophomoritis, is about ready to fit into Studley's little-bit-of-everything smorgasbord-T offense. However, now that Delnickas is gone, the Redmen will have to find the running to go with McCormick's passing. The defense is not exactly Big Ten caliber, but there will be Tackles Bob Foote and Bob Burgess, rough and ready 220-pounders, and they are good enough to make the new coach feel at home. Ends Ed For-bush and Harry Williford are adequate.

1959 RECORD: WON 3. LOST 6

This is one mule that may have to fly if anybody is to know it is around. Graduation took whatever weight there was in the line, and Coach Ray Whispell can thank his lucky hex signs that Quarterback Rollie Houseknecht, a slender pitcher who isn't too bashful to call his own number, is still around. Rollie celebrated his sophomore year by completing 55 of 149 passes for 860 yards. Behind him, nicely enough, is Sophomore Don Waggoner, who fired away with considerable success for the freshmen. The Mules' big problem is to find someone to catch the ball. Herb Owens is gone, and Ends Vince Rosso and Bob Butz, a converted guard, although otherwise able are not what you would call glue-fingered. Charlie Kuntzleman and Ed Yost, who appears to have recovered from a knee operation, will provide enough running skill, but the line, except for hard-charging 220-pound Tackle Fred Schwenk, who sat out last season, isn't up to giving the backs all the help they need.

1959 RECORD: WON 5, LOST 4, TIED 1

Navy starts with a lot—fleet-footed, squirmy Halfback Joe Bellino to spread the defense with his darts to the outside, and plunging Fullback Joe Matalavage to crack up the middle—but Coach Wayne Hardin is rightfully apprehensive about his attack. Quarterbacks Joe Tranchini and Jim Maxfield, who together completed 118 passes last year, are gone, and the Middies desperately need a pair of steady hands behind Center Frank Visted. Hal Spooner, a lean 6-footer, and peppery little Harry Dietz, up from the 150-pound team, are the leading contenders. But neither is a Tranchini or a Maxfield. Navy lacks backfield depth, too, but Hardin is hopeful that the rapid development of several sophomores will make the line strong enough to partly offset this weakness. Sure-handed Gary Kellner and Larry Graham have come along fast to challenge holdover Ends Frank Dattilo and Greg Mather; and Vern Von Sydow, a quick, agile blocker, has replaced 1959 regular John Hewitt at guard.

1959 RECORD: WON 3, LOST 3, TIED 2

The Wildcats' claws have been clipped severely, and Coach Chief Boston will have all he can do to scratch out a win here, hold down a loss there. New Hampshire, in a word, is undermanned. Item: All-Yankee-Conference Quarterback Sam Paul, who threw nine touchdown passes last year, graduated, leaving New Hampshire without an experienced quarterback and passer who can operate the wing T. Item: 12 other lettermen, including three all-conference stars, got their diplomas in June. Item: big Dick Greatorex, switched from tackle to guard to take advantage of his speed and blocking ability, and Halfback Charlie Beach, the team's second-leading ground-gainer, have been declared scholastically ineligible. All of which leaves the tattered Wildcats with a smattering of 10 experienced hands. The only bright spots: Center Paul Bellavance, a superb linebacker and crafty blocker, and Paul Lindquist, bullish 235-pound tackle whose temper sometimes gets him into trouble.

1959 RECORD: WON 7, LOST 1, TIED 1

Just a year ago Penn was trying to find its way out of the wilderness, and the wolves were howling madly for Coach Steve Sebo's scalp. Both made it. The Quakers won the Ivy League crown, and Sebo, paradoxically, was fired. John Stiegman moved over from Rutgers and has installed his single wing. Fortunately, Sebo left behind some good football players, and Penn is not about to fall into penury. The fast backs of last year are gone, but George Koval, who throws a football far, and last year excelled at quarterback in the wing T, will be the tailback. Connie DeSantis, a superior blocker as a guard, has been moved to the quarterback post and will try to clear the way for Koval, Wingback Peter Shantz and Fullback Ed Shaw. Graduation took some fine ends, but Jen Greenawalt, an alert defender, is still around. All-Ivy Tackle Bruce Cummings is the best of the interior linemen—maybe even the best in the league—and center will be in the sound hands of Johnny Gillin.

1959 RECORD: WON 8, LOST 2

Quarterback Richie Lucas, who ran and passed for 1,238 yards last year, is gone, but Penn State isn't ready to quit—not just yet. Coach Rip Engle has some first-rate players returning, and State has an excellent incentive—the new 44,000-seat Beaver Stadium, which will be dedicated Sept. 17. Engle has Galen Hall, who passes as well as Lucas and is only slightly less effective in running the option, and Don Hoak, a swivelly runner shifted from halfback. Roger Koch-man, the 200-pounder with genuine speed (he ran all over Syracuse last year), Jim Kerr and Fullback Sam Sobczak round out the back-field. The Nittany Lions have lost a lot in the line, and the interior blocking may lack some crispness. But Tackles Stew Barber and Jim Smith, both around 235 pounds, and squat, 205-pound Guard Bill Popp, brilliant on defense, are aggressive enough to satisfy any purist. Experienced ends, led by husky Bob Mitinger, a savage blocker and all-hands defender, will take good care of the outside.

1959 RECORD: WON 6, LOST 4

Coach John Michelosen got a "deepest sympathy" card from Clemson's Frank Howard not long ago. Wrote Howard: "Just saw your schedule. Who did this to you?" Indeed, who did? The Panthers this year play probably the hardest schedule in the country. Fortunately, they have enough big players to face up to it. There are the C boys, Bob Clemens, Fred Cox and Jim Cunningham, who last year splattered the enemy for 911 yards. There are also three large and authentic All-America contenders—End Mike Ditka (215 pounds), Tackle Dick Mills (226) and Guard Larry Vignali (218). They will give Pittsburgh as good a first line as there is in the East. It is at quarterback, however, that Pitt will suffer. Dave Kraus has improved. So has Ed Sharockman, who has returned to school after missing last season and will battle Kraus for the job of directing the wing-T offense. But neither is in a class with the departed Ivan Toncic, and even he had his troubles against Pitt's rugged foes last year.

1959 RECORD: WON 4, LOST 5

The wonderful and seemingly Inexhaustible well the Tigers drank from for years dried up two seasons ago. A trickle of freshmen came through last year, but it won't be until 1961 that Coach Dick Colman will have the players for a winning team. The Tigers are especially lean at one end, center and quarterback. Tailback Hugh Scott, slow afoot but a clever runner and moderately effective short passer, will give Princeton a respectable attack if he gets expected help from Fullback Don Kornrumpf and Wingback Mike Iseman. Senior Bill Marr will get a shot at quarterback. Lean and lanky Jim Blair, who caught 22 passes last season, provides more than adequate protection at one end. and Jerry Sullivan may do all right at center. The nicest spots in the line are at tackle and guard. Tackles John Craig and Clark Woolley are experienced and have size; long-side Guard Stan Shaughnessy has speed and can lead sweeps, while Stan Baldwin and Matt Tobriner shore up the short side.

1959 RECORD: WON 3, LOST 5, TIED 1

The Rams may lack quality this year, but they certainly won't lack for size. Coach Herb Maack can (and probably will) pack his interior line with Tackles Rollie Bettez (229 pounds) and Alan Arbuse (240), Guard Marvin Glaubach (235) and Center Dick Swift (225), and dare the opposition to move them. What's more, Arbuse and Glaubach are only sophomores and still growing. But not even this considerable girth will help Rhody climb out of the Yankee Conference ruck. Like many another team, the Rams are looking for a quarterback to pull together a fair offense. Lettermen Bill Baxter and Charlie Vento are the best bets to replace Roger Pearson at quarter, but Mike Pariseau, a budding sophomore passer, may overhaul them both. Another promising sophomore, Frank Kapusinsky, is slated to share the halfback posts with Senior John Rollins. Capable Junior Nick Grosz, drafted for a wing post a year ago, will return to fullback, a spot left bare by the graduation of Bill Poland.

1959 RECORD: WON 6, LOST 3

A coaching shift swept out the single wing and brought in Coach Johnny Bateman with a double wing T. Rutgers had no spring practice. Nevertheless, the situation looks promising. Twenty lettermen, plus a starting line which averages 220 pounds from tackle to tackle and 213 over-all, should help make Bateman's first fall on the banks of the Raritan a pleasant one. Paul Benke and Sophomore Tom Tappen, good defenders and excellent receivers, will man the flanks, leaving the interior to Tackles Jud Pahls (225 pounds) and Bob Blanchfield (235), Guards Jim Horner (225) and John Pregnolato (210) and aggressive Center Les Senft (205). The backfield is still jumbled, but the Scarlet Knights are likely to line up with Sam Mudie at quarterback, handing off to slick-running Halfbacks Amy Byrd and Dick Webb and Fullback Billy Tully, who starts fast and hits hard. A tailback last year, Mudie is a fair passer with an unfortunate tendency to miss on the short shots.

1959 RECORD: WON 10, LOST 0

First in just about everything and No. 1 in the nation—that was the story on Piety Hill last year, and not even Ben Schwartzwalder, exercising true coachly caution, can dispel the notion that Syracuse is loaded again. The backfield is secure with Halfback Ernie Davis, a quick 205-pounder who hits and runs like Jim Brown; Fullback Art Baker, a bullish 215-pounder who spreads a line like a bulldozer; loose-running Halfbacks Mark Weber, Dick Reimer, Peter Brokaw and John Mackey, a swift, elusive 205-pound sophomore; and Quarterback Dave Sarette, an amazingly accurate passer who heaved for 10 touchdowns last year. Behind him are Dick Easterly and Bob Thomas, who would be first-stringers on almost any other team. The line I is led by Ends Fred Mautino and Dave Baker (unless his knee buckles) and includes Tackle John Brown, Center Al Bemiller and a host of equally efficient forwards, among them Walt Sweeney, a 220-pound sophomore end who may turn out to be the best of the lot.

1959 RECORD: WON 0, LOST 9

After two winless seasons and 21 straight defeats the Owls are beginning to see daylight. But it may take another year before they open their eyes wide. Coach George Makris, brought in from Boiling Air Force Base to supervise the huge rebuilding chore, inherited a predominantly sophomore and junior squad. Only two seniors. Guard Ray DiPalma and Halfback Jerry Brodsky, who snared 30 passes last year, will break into his starting lineup. Even Quarterback Chickie Downham, whose pinpoint passing (45 for 84) provided one of the few bright spots in the disastrous 1959 campaign, has had to give way to talented Sophomore Bill Grubb in Makris' unbalanced T. while Sophomores Don Council, a feather-footed speedster, and Ernie Wayland, who can slam up the middle, will help Brodsky in the backfield. And the Owls should have a more respectable look up front. The ends are a problem, but the middle, with Center John McShane, a compact 220-pounder who loves contact, won't be soft.

1959 RECORD: WON 6, LOST 1, TIED 1

Wise old Coach Dan Jessee, now in his 29th year at Trinity, has the happy faculty of making a little go a long way. What his Bantams lack in quantity, they usually make up for in quality. And if any evidence is needed, look at his 129-49-4 record. With only seven lettermen back and a lean, green line, Trinity will take to the air from its spread formation. Quarterback Thornton Sanders, a pesky little fellow with an exceptional arm (he completed 48 of 106 passes for 658 yards and six touchdowns last year), will do the throwing to Ends Doug Tansill and Dale Peatman. Sophomore Halfbacks John Szumczyk, a big, reckless youngster who was made for Jessee's belly combinations, and John Wardlaw, a scatty 148-pound runner, could give Trinity an effective ground attack. Up front, Jessee has done some manipulating to improve a weak line. Senior Tom Reese, a standout at guard in 1959, moves to center; End Ian Bennett goes to tackle; Sophomore Fullback Bill Howland shifts to guard.

1959 RECORD: WON 5, LOST 2, TIED 1

Coach Harry Arlanson is another one of those quietly efficient coaches who manage to build up a winner out of the least likely material. Take last year when he found himself with only 26 players, many of them up from a freshman team that hadn't won a game. By season's end he was New England's coach-of-the-year. If adversity is the key to Arlanson's success he should have another good season. He loses Fullback Murdock Mac-Donald, who ripped off 978 yards last year, I and 12 other lettermen. Oddly, this leaves the Jumbos with a good defense and an attack that is at least the equal of 1959's. It may be even better if Quarterback Dave Adzigian develops quickly and Fullback Duncan Mac-Donald is only half as good as his brother. Sure-handed Ends Charley Martin and John Johnson and Tackle Dave Thompson provide the nucleus for a sound line, and Halfbacks Bob McLucas and Peter Titus, adept at slipping through the gaps, are just right to burst for yardage out of the Chicago Bear T.

1959 RECORD: WON 4, LOST 3

The Catamounts are still edging their way into the Yankee Conference and won't have a full schedule until 1962. But they will show their credentials to Maine and Rhode Island this year. In the meantime, a seasoned, hard-bitten line, perhaps the finest Vermont has fielded since its "Granite Line" of 1954, and an impressive group of large, energetic sophomores will sharpen the football skills that will eventually admit Vermont to good standing in the conference. Tackle Bill Mooza, a 215-pounder, and Guards Moe Walsh, Carl Eck and Bob Stone are the kind of blockers and defenders who help win games. It will be up to Maynard Ducatte, last year's exceptional sophomore halfback, and Ken Burton, the prize of the new sophomores, to move the ball behind them. Quarterback and fullback are two potential trouble spots for Coach Ed Donnelly, but impressive Sophomores Paul Harris, a deft ball handler, and Bert Villemaire will take over if Dom Parlato and Pete Nelson falter even the slightest bit.

1959 RECORD: WON 1, LOST 9

Athletic Director Frank Reagan was persuaded to turn in his football coaching portfolio in the middle of last year's debacle, and the reconstruction of the Wildcats' sagging fortunes has been entrusted to Alex Bell, former Harvard end coach. Bell brought along a multiple-T offense, but he also will need the patience of a saint before the long season ends. Whatever hope there is lies with the sophomores and juniors. Only two seniors, Guards Larry Sopko, whose knee was operated on this spring, and Joe Luzzi will start. The lone lineman with real ability is Junior Sam Gruneisen, a 6-foot 1-inch, 200-pound end who hits hard and will catch passes if Bell can find someone to throw them to him. The tackles and centers are sizable, but they lack speed. Bell will try to stir up an offense with three weighty sophomores—Halfbacks Billy Joe (222 pounds) and Larry Glueck (180 pounds) and Fullback Lou Rettino (215 pounds). Junior Quarterback Nick Langone runs well enough, but he sprays his passes.

1959 RECORD: WON 3, LOST 5

Things are beginning to look up in Middle-town, Conn. The Cardinals have a lightweight line, but it packs more punch and certainly has more depth than last year's unit. Sophomores have helped to improve the situation, and one of them, hard-charging, 200-pound Jim Dooney, will start at guard, thereby freeing Dom Squatrito to return to fullback, where he is needed badly. Second-year Tackles John Crockett, Don McCarthy and George Kozlowski may also nudge their way into the starting lineup before long, while Seniors Dave Gordon and Bob Hausman, string-bean middleweights at 165 pounds, provide adequate protection at the ends. But it is the backfield which gives Coach Norm Daniels his greatest lift. Tony DeMiro, a swift 5-foot 7-inch 155-pounder who knows what to do when he gets into the open, is back at half. So is Jim Thomas, bigger than DeMiro and almost as fast. The Cardinals lack a notable passer, but Jack Mitchell, last year's fullback, will try out at quarterback.