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A Garden State Stakes quiz to tease the memory and add to the knowledge of the $2 bettor and the armchair expert

? Four of the last six winners of The Garden State were named 2-year-old champions. Who were they?

•Barbizon (1956) was the first winner of the stake to capture the 2-year-old title. The others were: First Landing (1958), Warfare (1959) and Crimson Satan (1961). The 1960 running of The Garden State went to Carry Back, but the 2-year-old title was won that year by Hail to Reason, a son of the 1953 Garden State winner Turn-to. Hail to Reason didn't run in The Garden State because of an injury prior to the race.

? Many winners of The Garden State have had bad luck after their victories in the race. Name some of these colts.

•The winner of the first running, Turn-to, broke down a few months later and was retired. The next victor, Summer Tan, had only three races as a 3-year-old before being sidelined in the spring with a serious stomach ailment. The third Garden State winner was Prince John who never ran again after his victory. He broke a bone in his foot six weeks after the race. The 1956 winner, Barbizon, lost his form and only won two races and some 515,000 in subsequent seasons. The 1957 and 1958 winners escaped the jinx but it hit again in 1959 when the California colt, Warfare, chipped a bone in his ankle not long after his victory in the rich New Jersey race. The 1960 winner, Carry Back, became the 3-year-old champion the next year and is still winning stakes, but Crimson Satan, the 1961 victor, has been plagued this season by stomach and sinus trouble and a series of disqualifications.

? The owner of the winner of The Garden State receives more money for that victory than for winning any other race in the world. What owner received the largest winning purse?

•Peter Salmen of Detroit, a manufacturer of landing gears for Boeing 707 jets, received 5180,819 for Crimson Satan's win.

? Has an imported horse ever won The Garden State?

•Turn-to is the only foreign winner. The bay son of Royal Charger was foaled in Ireland in 1951 and brought to this country the following year. One of Turn-to is sons, First Landing, took the same race in 1958, five years after his sire.

? What horse won a) the fastest running of the stake? b) the slowest?

•a) The longest-priced winner of The Garden State ran the fastest race. He was Prince John, a 24-to-l shot, owned by Elmendorf. The chestnut colt covered the mile and a sixteenth in 1:42 3/5, over a fast track, b) Five of the other eight runnings of the race have been contested over tracks soaked by heavy rains. The slowest Garden States were won by First Landing and Carry Back in 1:46 2/5 over muddy tracks.

?Has any jockey ridden more than one winner of the race?

•Only one. William Hartack, in his first two attempts, had winning mounts. He rode Calumet Farm's Barbizon in 1956 and Claiborne Farm's Nadir the following year. Two brothers, Angel and Ismael Valenzuela, have won the stake, however. Angel won with Prince John in 1955, and Ismael with Warfare in 1959.

? Most Garden State entries are nominated to the race as yearlings, but an owner can make a supplementary entry five days before the running of the race by paying $10,000. a) Have many supplementary entries been made? b) Have any of these horses won The Garden State?

•a) Twenty have been made since 1955, the first year supplementary entries were allowed, b) Three of the colts whose owners risked the $10,000 have been successful. Barbizon won 5168,431 for his owner in 1956; in 1959 Bellehurst Stable's Warfare won 5157,845 in the race, and the following year Carry Back took home $160,782 for his owner, Katherine Price.